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Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education

Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education
(An Autonomous Body of Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of India)

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Home» Museums

Silviculture Museum

The Silviculture Museum displays models and Photographs on Silvicultural Systems practised for efficient and scientific management of the forests. The most important exhibits are a series of large models showing the chief methods practised for regulating the felling and regeneration of a forest. General aim is to utilize the soil fully for perpetual supply of timber in the most paying sizes. These methods vary with the species, extraction facilities, proximity of markets, and market requirements. A diagram showing examples of the methods in actual practice supplements each model.

A model shows the altitudinal zonation of forest types. The species composition in the forests varies from place to place due to different elevations according to altitudinal variations. Attempt has been made in this model to indicate forest species that occur from plains to the higher hills. Different types of tools used in forestry operations form a unique set of exhibits. The sketches of wildlife of India are educative for school children.

Timber Museum

wheelThe Timber Museum has exhibits of the best-known and most common commercial woods. One hundred and twenty six commercially important species displayed along the walls of the museum provide the visitors an idea on the characteristics of these woods. The lower halves of the planks have been left in the natural state, while the upper half are oiled with the linseed oil to enhance the features of the timber. Hanging above the planks are photographs of the trees whose planks are displayed along with small maps indicating their distribution in India. The transparent photomicrographs in a separate case show the structure of common Indian Woods as seen under a microscope.

One cubic feet of green wood sample contains about 16 liters of water and it requires seasoning. After seasoning a significant amount of water (2.7 litres) still remains in the wood. If wood is not seasoned, defects like warping, cracking and twisting occur. A number of models representing different methods of air seasoning, steam seasoning and solar kiln seasoning are on display.

Timber engineering techniques using short dimensional timbers for large span of trusses are depicted. Cabinet designing is demonstrated using different timbers and various patterns. The center of attraction, however, is a transverse section of a 704-year-old Deodar (Cedrus deodara) tree, which was felled in 1919 from the hills of U.P. The natural and climatic events can be clearly traced by reading the annual rings. Depiction of Indian history starting from the date of construction of Qutub Minar to Jalianwala Bagh incident made on this exhibit makes it very interesting. Another section displayed is that of a 330-year-old teak (Tectona grandis). Walnut and Padauk burr(outgrowths on the stem) specimens are also items of interest.

Popular and inexpensive use of plywood, laminated wood, compregnated wood, bamboo boards and diaper are demonstrated and bamboo and wooden springs for furniture and other articles are displayed. Comparative mechanical properties of different timbers are depicted for various end uses. There is a gun carriage wheel made of rosewood, shisham, and Andaman Padauk.

Non Wood Forest Products Museum

 An exhibit of this museum shows a comparison between the conventional resin tapping technique and the newly developed rill method for resin tapping. Samples of turpentine oil and rosin, and a variety of species of bamboo found in our country make a unique collection. Exhibits also include samples of miner forest products such as katha, cutch, Lac products, essential oils, edible products, fatty oils, spices, drugs, tans, gums, etc. There are exhibits showing walking sticks, batons, sports goods, paper, matches, baskets, and products from grasses, leaves, flosses, etc.

Social Forestry Museum

This museum depicts the effect of environment with and without trees on productivity and economy of the villages. Photographs and Models show effect of tree growth on fuelwood, fodder and other forest products. Models show the nursery techniques for raising planting stocks, planting techniques and various protective measures for the plants. Models of improved smokeless chulhas to demonstrate the efficient use of fuelwood.

Exhibits demonstrate the possibilities of establishing suitable cottage industries based on social forestry products and role of social forestry in providing employment, particularly to the landless people.

Pathology Museum

Forest Pathology museum houses 900 exhibits of various economically important tree diseases and timber decays. Exhibits are arranged on the basis of two broad host groups: hardwood and conifers. These are further divided according to the part of the plant affected namely root disease, stem disease and foliage disease. Important tree diseases such as heart-rot in khair, sal, teak and deodar and root-rot in khair, sal and pines have been displayed. Degradation of timber and timber products caused by micro- organisms are also displayed.

Beneficial role of fungi as mycorrhiza to establish and promote tree growth especially in pines and the value of fungi as a source of food are also displayed.

Entomology Museum

 This museum contains about 3,000 exhibits representing the various stages of insect pests and the nature of damage caused by them to seed, seedlings, standing trees, felled timbers, bamboos and also finished products. Exhibits are arranged alphabetically according to plant genera. Important forestry pests like sal heart-wood borer, teak defoliator, Meliaceae shoot borer, poplar defoliators, deodar defoliator, sissoo defoliator, babul stem and root borer, their biology, life history and nature of damage have been depicted along with methods to control them.

Some of the insecticides and their application equipments are also exhibited. A depiction of the life history of termites and their control makes a very educative piece. Various commercial timbers have been graded according to their termite resistance property.

 

Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make the information shown as accurate as possible. The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) will not be responsible for any loss to any person caused by inaccuracy in the information available on this website. Any discrepancy found may be brought to the notice of ICFRE head_it@icfre.org