The Centre came into existence inJuly, 2012as unit of RFRI Jorhat under the Indian Council of Forestry Research& Education (ICFRE), Dehradun an autonomous body of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Govt. of India. It is the latest among the 9 Institutes and 4 Centres operating under ICFRE in different parts of the country. It is one of the two Centres under RFRI,Jorhat in the Northeastern Region, the other being, ARCBR, Aizawl.
|Regional Director's Message
Pawan K Kaushik
Director, CFLE AGARTALA
It gives me immense pleasure to present the official webpage of Centre for Forest-based Livelihoods & Extension (CFLE), Agartala. The Centre endeavors to extend forestry technologies for livelihood generation for the benefit of target communities in participation with different stakeholders and user agencies, NGOs, research organizations, the Forest Department, Govt. of Tripura, and the public at large.
I hope, the information given in this webpage will be of immense help to the viewers. Suggestions for improving the website are welcome.
CFLE has been setup to cater to the research and extension needsin the region and particularly in Tripura;astatewhichis predominantly hilly withplains constituting less than 10% of itsgeographicalarea. Majority of the 19 scheduled tribes of the state representing 30% of its population depend on forests for their livelihoods. These communities,settled inforest fringes, carry out their livelihood integrated activities for arranging food, shelter, fodder and health care. Establishment of CFLE in Tripura with its primary mandate to extend sustainable livelihood alternativesis a significant attempt to bridge the science to society for large scale technology adoption. The initiatives of the Centre aim towards conservation of forest biodiversity and promote forest-based sustainable livelihood activities.
CFLE, in order to achieve the aforesaid primary mandate, initiated programs for all round development of forest dependent communities through technology extension by training and field demonstration. It also aims to extend technologies from labs to farm lands, understand technology adoption behavior and communicate practical field experiences through participatory research.
- Forest-based Livelihood Development
- Bamboo Sector Technology Development and Extension
- Agroforestry Development
- Biodiversity Assessment
- Impact Assessment of Natural Resource Management and Utilization
Aims & Objectives of the Centre –
- To secure sustainable livelihood alternatives through application of forestry techniques.
- To support all round development of the bamboo sector including value addition.
- To augment scientific knowledge for societal benefit through On-farm Participatory Research.
- Effective extension of appropriate technology packages through Trainings and Demonstrations.
- To generate awareness among stakeholders for biodiversity conservation.
ACTIVITIES AT A GLANCE
(As on - March, 2016)
Direct to Consumer Programs
- Introduction of Broom Grass cultivation practices in Tripura
- Extension of Broom Grass based Agroforestry
- Operationalization of Participatory Mechanism for mass propagation of bamboos under Community Livelihood Nurseries
- Popularization of bamboo made low-cost Units for Vermicomposting
- Introduction of Muskdana cultivation under intercropping
- Popularization of low-cost Bamboo Treatment Tanks and Bamboo Treatment Machines (Boucherie Apparatus).
- Extension of Bamboo Clump Management
On-farm Participatory Trials
- Domestication of wild medicinal plants in Herbal Gardens at Kanchanpur Propagation of important bamboo species
- Bamboo edible shoot production trials
- Operationalization of Participatory Mechanism for mass propagation of bamboos under Community Livelihood Nurseries
- Shabari Banana – Lakadong Turmeric Intercropping
- Kanak Kaich - Lakadong Turmeric Bamboo Agroforestry
Collaborative works / Technical supports to Stakeholders
- Technical collaboration in Publication of MANJARI - a monthly Newsletter of NCE
- Planning and providing technical supports to MPBT for organizing local and national workshops on 'Traditional Medicines'.
- Preparation of Concept Note for setting up of NTFP - PRUT.
- Technical supports in organizing Interaction Workshop on GI and digital herbarium at NCE.
- Supervision of 'Assignments' for the students of Tripura University.
- Linkages with Tripura Bamboo Mission for supply of bamboo QPM.
- Organizing campus visit and knowledge sharing for Trainees of other line departments.
CFLE's presence in State Level Committees
- Editorial Board, MANJARI (NTFP Newsletter of NCE, Tripura)
- Technical Advisor to NCE, Tripura-JICA Project.
- Member of State Council of Traditional Medicine Practitioners
- Member of State Level Environmental Impact Assessment Authority.
- Member of State Level Screening Committee under National Mission on Medicinal Plants.
- Member of State Level Consultative Committee (under National Working Plan Code - 2014).
- Member of State Board of Wildlife.
- Member of Tripura Kaviraj Sangha - a State level body constituted by Govt. of Tripura for Traditional Healers.
Technology Demonstration and Trainings
- Bamboo propagation techniques
- Low-cost vermicomposting techniques
- Agroforestry techniques
- Bamboo Treatment Techniques, Performance tests of treated bamboos
- Clump Management Techniques
- Skill upgradation on Bamboo handicrafts
- Bee-keeping techniques
- Bio-pesticides and field applications
General Extension Programs
- Observance of – World Forestry Day, World Bamboo Day, International Day for Biological Diversity, World Environment Day
- Participation in fair – Foliage show (Bamboos & Ferns) Trade fair etc.
- Farmers To Farmers Training (FT-FT)’ on Bamboo propagation
- Establishments of Bamboo QPM Nursery (Capacity – 10,000 plants, 17 spp, 2012 onwards)
- Establishment of Livelihood Forestry Nursery (Capacity – 40,000 plants, 12 spp, 2012 - 15)
- Barak (Bambusa balcooa) Rhizome Multiplication Garden RMG (Tissue Culture Plants)
- Graveyard testing of bamboos under different bio-preservative and chemical treatments
Survey and EvaluationAssignments
- Muli project on post flowering scenario
- Survey of Forest Fringe Villages - NRAA - Tripura
- Field Survey under Revisiting of Forest Types (Tripura)
- NAP Evaluation in Tripura
- Provenance trial of Noni in Tripura.
- CAMPA Evaluation in Tripura
Network of Social Organizations, Youth Societies and NGOs under CFLE
- Noagaon Bamboo Growers’ Society (NBGS)
- Mars Socio Welfare Society (MSWS)
- Vaidyaraj Herbal Growers’ Society(VHGS)
- Bamboo Volunteers, Kanchanpur
- Tripura Bamboo & Cane Dev. Centre (TRIBAC)
- Himalaya Parivaar, Tripura
- People's Action for Rural InnoVation & Research (PARIVAR), Tripura
- FASAL Producer Group - MAS Agrochemicals (Vermicompost Production and Marketing)
- Duiya Memorial Society, Bodhjung Nagar
- St. Andre Minor Seminary, Bodhjungnagar
- PurbaSatnala Farmers Club
- Organization for Rural Survival. Belonia
- Ananya SHG, Amtali, Agartala
- Simanta Handicrafts and Products Limited
- NavJagran Handicrafts (SHG)
- Panchai Farmers’ Club
Details of Research Projects:
|Name of Ongoing Project
|1. StudyonpostfloweringregenerationstatusofMelocannabaccifera in Tripura(Under ICFRE)
||Due to gregarious flowering ofMelocannabaccifera inTripura, there was large scale casualty followed by naturalregeneration.In order to assesstheregenerationfieldactivitieswere conducted in consultation with the PI atRFRI. All the data were collected from 42 points throughextensivesurveyfollowingstratifiedsampling.Theregeneration status of natural patches was assessed layingout quadrats in all parts of Tripura following an extensivefield survey. The data have been tabulated and finalreport is under preparation.
|2. Identification of extent of forestlands in the forests fringe village- NRAA Project (Tripura)
||OnehundredvillagesweresurveyedcoveringentireTripura, for submission of report to NRAA by ICFRE.
|3. Morindacitrifolia L. (NONI) –Livelihood option for the people ofNE India(Under NMPB)
||The project is being executed at RFRI.FieldtrialismaintainedandmonitoredinTripuraatHatiparaunderCFLE. The 3 clones of Morindacitrifolia L. (Noni) plantswere planted as per design with the field level support fromCFLE.Thefieldtrialisbeingmonitoredregularlyandobservations are being recorded.
|4. Evaluation of livelihood potentialinFlemingiaspeciesunderalleycropping in Tripura (Under Directto Consumer Scheme)
||Flemingia sppwas introduced for promotion of lac-culture for livelihood development'. (in collaborationwith SFD).
|5. Evaluation of CAMPA Activities in Tripura
1. Popularization of low-cost Bamboo Treatment in rural areas of Tripura:
CFLE had conducted about 15 nos. training on Bamboo treatment technique and preservation process of bamboo comprising 360 participants throughout the State of Tripura. Trainings were conducted at Bamutia, Noagaon ,Borjush, Khaschowmuhani, Kanchanpur and Agartala. The Boucherie machine has been adopted by several groups in different parts of the State. These machines are in regular use and the users are also getting advantages of the techniques to generate direct and indirect incomes from the treated bamboos. The details of users are as follows –
Boucherie Machines and Bamboo Treatment Tanks are spared to –
- Mars Socio Welfare Society (MSWS), Kanchanpur
- Noagaon Bamboo Growers' Society (NBGS), Noagaon
- Neermahal Crafts, Khashchoumuni
- Nava Jagaran SHG, Nalchhar
- DISHARI NGO, Belonia
- TRIBAC, Agartala
- Mithai Bamboo Furniture Group, Kalibazar (through NBGS)
- Ananya SHG
Bamboo Treatment Centres under CFLE
CFLE has established small scale Bamboo Treatment and Technology Demonstration Centres in different locations in the State, as follows –
- Bamboo Treatment and Demonstration Centre, Gandhigram (in Collaboration with TRIBAC)
- Bamboo Treatment Centre, Kanchanpur, (in collaboration with MSWS)
- Bamboo Treatment Centre, Noagaon
- Bamboo Treatment Centre, Khashchoumuhani
Commercialization of Bamboo Treatment Techniques and Entrepreneurship Development -
Recently, Tripura Bamboo and Cane Development Centre (TRIBAC) - a social enterprise based in Agartala, Tripura has taken an initiative and set-up treated bamboo production unit with minimum capital investment on Boucherie machine and Low-cost Treatment Tanks with chemical and initial raw materials. TRIBAC has come up with treated bamboos of different species of commercial utilities with a Brand ‘TryBam’ through technical support from Centre for Forest-based Livelihood and Extension (CFLE), Agartala, Tripura. In a collaborative approach with CFLE, TRIBAC has been organizing training and demonstration for capacity building for new entrepreneurs and is also engaged in marketing of treated bamboos for housing, furniture and household fencing. The prototype bamboo treatment machine has also been expanded by TRIBAC in Bihar, Meghalaya and Tripura. The pro-poor bamboo treatment technique has been extended in rural pockets like Kanchanpur, Melaghar and Bamutia of Tripura for producing treated bamboo for use in construction and fencing. Apart from the Disaster Risk Reduction in quake prone zones, it will also create an alternative livelihood among the rural poor through setting-up Bamboo Treatment Units to supply quality bamboo building components under Indira AvasYojana (IAY) housing scheme.
It is believed that the awareness generation and community entrepreneurship development in both rural and urban areas will create a high demand of treated bamboos in near future with a positive trend of lowering down the quantum of resource consumption at the same time. And therefore, CFLE plans to extend it further to reach the unreached with the support of local NGOs and various volunteer groups.
2. Popularization of low-cost Bamboo Treatment in rural areas of Tripura:
Market linkages were developed for livelihood promotion through sale of vermicompost produced by the beneficiaries in West Tripura and North Tripura.
Local youth are encouraged from the high income potential of Low cost vermicomposting techniques and have come forward to install VC Units in large scale for commercial purpose. CFLE has established a number of vermicompost units at Bamutia and Kanchanpur by forming producer groups. MAS Agrochemicals based at Agartala has been tied up with the farmers producing vermicompost to collect the produce and market under the brand name 'FASAL'. The agency has agreement with various planting agencies for supply of vermicompost for organic farming.
3. Seed grading in jhum areas:
In order to improve the productivity in jhum areas, CFLE has selected five locations- Ambassa, Kanchanpur, Sabroom, Jampui Hills and Subal Singh for introduction of seed grading before sowing.
4. Promotion of bamboo nursery:
CFLE is promoting bamboo nursery in Kanchanpur to meet the growing demand for bamboo planting materials. About 300 youths are directly engaged in production of bamboo seedlings and supply to planting agencies like State Bamboo Mission or Forest department.
5. Promotion of Herbal garden:
CFLE has helped 55 tribal medics from Kanchanpur to form Vaidyaraj Herbal Growers Society to raise 10 herbal gardens in North Tripura. The Society has planned to build a knowledge base and a bank of at least 500 medicinal plants.