Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI), Shimla was established as High Level Conifer Regeneration Research Centre during May 1977 for carrying out Research on problem associated with natural regeneration of Silver Fir and Spruce. The institute made its humble beginning from this Centre and at the time of re-organization of forestry research in Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Dehradun, during 1998, Government of India appreciated the problems of Temperate Eco-system and decided to upgrade this Centre in to a full-fledged research institute.
1- Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI), Shimla came into being during 1998 after the up-gradation of Conifer Research Centre (CRC), which was earlier established in May, 1977, primarily to develop technologies for artificial and natural regeneration of fir and spruce. With this up-gradation, mandate of this institute was also enlarged from standardization of the nursery and planting techniques of the coniferous and their broad-leaved associates including species endemic to the Western Himalayas to the new research areas pertaining to planting stock improvement programme of conifers, eco-economic rehabilitation of mine damaged areas, ecological and plant diversity studies in different ecosystems of Western Himalayas, Cold Deserts and its ecology, insect pest and disease incidences besides related aspects on entomology and pathology, cultivation and standardization of agro-techniques for medicinal plants including standardization of agro-forestry practices and models in the region.
2- The Institute also has the national mandate of Eco-restoration of Cold Deserts and accordingly, has been declared as "Centre of Advance Studies for Cold Desert Afforestation and Pasture Management" by Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), Dehradun.
3- On the extension front, the institute in its mandated Himalayan states i.e. Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir also undertakes outreach activities to extend the research findings amongst the various stakeholders including field functionaries of the state forest departments, farmers and school children. The main objective behind these activities is to keep the stakeholders abreast of the underlying concepts and research developments in forestry sector.
Core Research Areas:
Activities at the institutes revolve around following core research areas:
1- To carry out and further substantiate research on the natural and artificial regeneration of conifers and their broadleaved associates.
2- To standardize the cost effective nursery techniques of various coniferous species and their broadleaved associates to produce quality planting stock for rehabilitation of degraded areas.
3- To identify quality seed sources and planting material of various species and establish seed orchards.
4- To study the ecological aspects of stress sites including cold deserts and work out models for eco-rehabilitation.
5- To carry out ecological and plant diversity studies in different ecosystems including wildlife sanctuaries of Western Himalayas
6- To study various diseases and insect pests incidences of important tree species and work out their control measures.
7- To undertake research to assess conservation status of important non-wood forest products/medicinal plants in the region and standardize their agro-techniques
8- To develop suitable agro-forestry models for various zones in the western Himalayan region.
9- Conservation awareness and dissemination of research findings to various target groups.
Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI), Shimla caters to the forestry research needs in the Western Himalayan States comprising of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, those are located in between 30.22' 40" to 37.05' North latitude and 73.26' to 80.30' East longitude. The elevational variations in areas of its jurisdictions varies between less than 300 m above msl along Punjab plains to more than 8,000 m above msl in the inner Himalayan zone in Ladakh. The vegetation is, however, present only upto permanent snowline at an altitude of about 4,500 m above msl. Recordings of stray occurrence of plants at altitudes higher than the permanent snow line are also available at some locations. Total geographical area of the region is 2,77,908 km2 (H.P.: 55,673 km2 and J&K: 2,22,235 km2).
Key Achievements: (Click on link to view detail)
For more information visit: http://hfri.icfre.gov.in/